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From there, the production of silk spread throughout Asia, and by AD 140, the practise had been established in India.
Chanakya's treatise on public administration, the Arthashastra written around 3rd century BC, briefly describes the norms followed in silk weaving.
The Chinese had a monopoly in the silk trade and kept its production process a trade secret.
However, this monopoly ended when, according to legend, a Chinese princess smuggled mulberry seeds and silkworms in her headdress when she was sent to marry the king of Khotan (present day Xinjiang).
New trade routes, both overland and overseas, created a cultural exchange with Central Asia and Europe.
India's recorded history of clothing goes back to the 5th millennium BC in the Indus Valley civilization where cotton was spun, woven and dyed.
Bone needles and wooden spindles have been unearthed in excavations at the site.
Indian cotton clothing was well adapted to the dry, hot summers of the subcontinent.
The grand epic Mahabharata, composed by about 400 BC, tells of the god Krishna staving off Draupadi's disrobing by bestowing an unending saree upon her.